Millom Hematite Ore and Iron Co
Millom Hematite Ore and Iron Co of Millom, Cumberland
See also Millom Blast Furnaces.
1963 At this time Cranleigh Group owned Millom Hematite Ore and Iron Co which purchased Gjers, Mills and Co and Barrow Ironworks from the Holding and Realization Agency. The purchasers intended to close Barrow at an early date but undertook to keep Gjers operating for at least 2 years, despite the depressed state of trade.
In 1966 it was decided to embark on large-scale experiments on the direct production of steel from molten iron using the SPRAY STEEL process. The first steel was produced on 18 May 1966. Results were promising, but development was eventually curtailed due to lack of financial support.
1968 The ironworks closed with the direct loss of 550 jobs.
The site is now (2019) the 'Millom Ironworks Local Nature Reserve'. Most of the buildings have been cleared, but there are prominent remains in the form of part of the slag bank, and a large 'plug' or 'bloom' which was left in the bottom of No. 1 blast furnace.
Sources of Information
- The Times, 17 January 1963
-  'Spray Steel Making', by J. D. Sharp, in 'Applied Science in the Casting of Metals' edited by K. Strauss, Foseco International Ltd, 1970