Grace's Guide

British Industrial History

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Alexander Cowan and Sons

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of 24 and 25 Upper Thames Street, London, EC

of Valleyfield Paper Mills, Penicuik, makers of paper

1708 A paper mill was established at Penicuik

1770 Charles Cowan bought the paper mill at Penicuik which he renamed Valleyfield

His son, Alexander Cowan (d. 1859), owned the paper mills at Penicuik, near Edinburgh

1859 His son, Charles Cowan, took over the business on the death of his father

c.1889 Charles brother, Sir John Cowan, took over the business. He set up a fund through which a proportion of the firm's profits were channelled into philanthropic works and built the Cowan Institute as an educational and leisure facility for the people of Penicuik.

1914 Paper manufacturers, export stationers, account book and envelope manufacturers. [1]

See Also

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Sources of Information

  • Biographies of Sir John Cowan, and Charles Cowan, ODNB