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British Industrial History

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Avro: 694 Lincoln

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Sept 1945.
1946. Lincoln Bomber.
1947. Lincoln II.
1947. Theseus Engine Installation.

Note: This is a sub-section of Avro.

The Avro Type 694, better known as the Avro Lincoln, was a British four-engined heavy bomber, which first flew on 9 June 1944. Developed from the Avro: Lancaster, the first Lincoln variants were known initially as the Lancaster IV and V but were renamed Lincoln I and II. It was the last piston-engined bomber used by the Royal Air Force.


Avro Type 694

  • Prototypes to Air Ministry Specification 14/43, three-built

Lincoln I

  • Long-range bomber version for the RAF. Powered by four 1,750 hp (1,305 kW) Rolls-Royce Merlin 85 inline piston engines.

Lincoln II

  • Long-range bomber version for the RAF. Powered by four Rolls-Royce Merlin 66, 68A and 300 inline piston engines. Built by Avro, Armstrong-Whitworth and Vickers-Metropolitan.

Lincoln III

  • The Lincoln III was intended to be a maritime reconnaissance, anti-submarine warfare aircraft. The aircraft later became the Avro Shackleton.

Lincoln IV

  • Lincoln II converted to Merlin 85 power.

Lincoln Mk 15 (B Mk XV)

  • This designation was given to one aircraft, built by Victory Aircraft in Canada.

Lincoln Mk 30

  • Long-range bomber version for the RAAF.

Lincoln Mk 30A

  • Long-range bomber version for the RAAF, fitted with a longer nose and Merlin 102s.

Lincoln Mk 31 (GR 31)

  • General reconnaissance version of Mk.30 for the RAAF, fitted with a longer nose. Four Rolls-Royce Merlin 85 or 1,650 h.p. Merlin 102 powerplants.

Lincoln MR 31

  • Anti-submarine warfare/maritime reconnaissance version of Mk 31 for the RAAF.

Avro 695 Lincolnian Transport derivative similar to the Avro Lancastrian

Lincoln ASR.3.

  • Initial designation of the Avro Shackleton, which was based on the Lincoln.

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