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British Industrial History

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H. W. Caslon and Co

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of 22 Chiswell St, London (1882)

of 81 to 83 Chiswell Street, London, EC (1924)

1716 Company established - see Caslon and Co

1849 Partnership dissolved. '...the Partnership heretofore subsisting between us the undersigned, Henry Caslon and Henry William Caslon, carrying on business as Type Founders, at No. 23, Chiswell-street, Finsbury-square, in the county of Middlesex, under the name or firm of Henry Caslon and Son, was dissolved by mutual consent...'[1]

1850 Purchased the Glasgow Letter Foundry, Alexander and Patrick, the grandsons of the founder joined the company and it was renamed as H. W. Caslon and Co.

1862 Patent. '915. And Henry William Caslon and George Fagg, both of Chiswell-street, in the county of Middlesex, Type Founders, have given the like notice in respect of the invention of "improvements in casting printing types, and in apparatus for rubbing the same."'[2]

1864 Advertisement. H. W. Caslon and Co, The Caslon Letter Foundry, 22 & 23 Chiswell Street, London.[3]

1865 There was an 8-month-long strike and lockout. The two Wilson partners and Thomas White Smith, a trusted employee of the firm since 1857, left

1872 H.W. Caslon became ill and asked Smith to return as manager.

1874 H.W. Caslon died at Medmenham, the last male in the Caslon line; he left the whole foundry to Smith.

Thomas White Smith retained the firm's name as H. W. Caslon and Co. With his encouragement, Smith's sons took the surname Caslon-Smith, which passed to their descendants.

1889 Gained award at the Paris Exhibition[4]

1896 Three of the Caslon-Smith brothers (Albert Harding (1866-1930), Sydney Herbert (1868-1923), and Harold Arthur(1869-1929)) were made partners in the business[5]

1900 Incorporated as a limited company.

1907 Death of Thomas White Smith on his 73rd birthday[6]

1914 Type founders. Specialities: printing types, printers' joinery. [7]

1914 One of the Associated Type Founders which participated in the 5th International Exhibition of the Printing and Allied Trades at the Agricultural Hall, Islington[8]

1923 Death of Sydney Herbert Caslon, managing director[9]

1929 Death of Harold Albert Caslon[10]

1930 Death of Albert Harding Caslon[11]

1937 Stephenson, Blake and Co acquired the H. W. Caslon and Sons foundry[12].

See Also


Sources of Information

  1. [ The London Gazette Publication date:17 April 1849 Issue:20968 Page:1276 ]
  2. The London Gazette Publication date:5 August 1862 Issue:22650 Page:3886
  3. Public Ledger and Daily Advertiser - Tuesday 08 November 1864
  4. The Times, Sep 28, 1889
  5. The Times, Feb 16, 1929
  6. The Times Feb 06, 1907
  7. 1914 Whitakers Red Book
  8. The Times, May 12, 1914
  9. The Times, Nov 03, 1923
  10. The Times, Feb 16, 1929
  11. The Times Sep 03, 1930
  12. Wikipedia: Henry Caslon