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British Industrial History

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Henry Pease

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Henry Pease (4 May 1807 - 30 May 1881) was a railway owner, peace campaigner and a Liberal politician who represented Durham South.

1807 Born fifth son of Edward Pease, a member of the Quaker Pease family of Darlington. He was a director of the Stockton and Darlington Railway and was responsible for the foundation of the seaside resort of Saltburn-by-the-Sea.

He was for a time President of the Peace Society, and in 1854 he visited the Tsar of Russia in an attempt to talk him out of the Crimean War.

1835 married on 25 February Anna, only daughter of Richard Fell of Uxbridge, (d. 27 October 1839); several children including Henry Fell Pease.

1857 Elected MP for South Durham and held the seat until 1865.

1859 Second marriage to Mary Lloyd in Birmingham; they had three sons and two daughters

1861 His principal achievement was the opening of the railway line across Stainmoor, called "the backbone of England", the summit of which was 1374 feet above sea level.

Early 1860s, Pease opposed the takeover of the Stockton and Darlington Railway by the North Eastern Railway Company (NER); following the takeover, Pease was appointed vice-chairman of the NER board.

1881 Henry Pease, J.P., Alderman, coal and ship owner, 73, lived in Darlington with Mary Pease 54, Henrietta R. Pease 21, Marion E. Pease 17[1]

1881 He died at 23 Finsbury Square, London.

1881 Obituary[2].

1881 Obituary [3]

One of the typical early promoters of railways - Mr. Henry Pease - has just died. His father was that "Edward Pease" whom George Stephenson honoured, and who procured for him the position of engineer to the first public railway, the Stockton and Darlington Railway.

Mr. Henry Pease was one of the two members of the "Committee" of the first railway who settled the passenger traffic on the basis it now has, instead of that which at the opening of the first line prevailed, and from that time for fifty years he was intimately connected with the development of the railway system.

He projected the line across the mountain ridge that separates Durham from Lancashire and Cumberland, and he had much to do with the formation of the railway system in the North of England.

Few who have attended the meetings of the North-Eastern Railway but must have vivid memories of the kind face of the courteous old Quaker director, last month the sole survivor of the seven who took the preliminary trial trip on the first public railway, and who has now passed into the rest that his companions on that memorable journey have long enjoyed.

See Also


Sources of Information

  1. 1881 census
  2. The Engineer 1881/06/03
  3. Engineering 1881 Jan-Jun: Index: General Index