Grace's Guide

British Industrial History

Grace's Guide is the leading source of historical information on industry and manufacturing in Britain. This web publication contains 147,144 pages of information and 233,396 images on early companies, their products and the people who designed and built them.

James Alfred Shipton

From Graces Guide

Jump to: navigation, search

James Alfred Shipton (c1827-1865) of Shipton and Simpson and of Shipton and Co

1848 Patent. 'Joseph Simpson, Manchester, engineer, and James Alfred Shipton, of the same place, engineer, for certain improvements in steam engines. August 14.'[1]

1849 Engineer of 4 Corporation Street, Manchester.[2]

Later at Wolverhampton

1861 Steam Engines featured in The Engineer. [3]

1861 January. Patent. '228. And James Alfred Shipton, of Wolverhampton, in the county of Stafford, Engineer, has given the like notice in respect of the invention of "improvements in steam engines."'[4]. The patented engine was described and illustrated in The Engineer[5] and in The Practical Mechanic's Journal in October 1861. It was a development of the engine developed by Shipton and Simpson from the late 1840s onwards. In 1851 that 'short-stroke reciprocating high-pressure engine' received an award at the 1851 Great Exhibition. It had a piston which rotated and moved up and down in a stationary cylinder, wheras in the 1861 patent the piston rotated about a fixed axis while the cylinder oscillated, pendulum fashion. It appears to address some of the shortcomings of the previous engine, namely the plethora of rods and bearings.

1861 March. Advert: 'To be let, mill power and screwing machines. Apply to J. A. Shipton, Union Mill-street, Wolverhampton'[6]

1861 Living at 12 Union Mill Street, Wolverhampton: James A. Shipton (age 33 born Wolverhampton), Engineer Smith. Unmarried.[7]

1865 February. Patent. '165. To James Alfred Shipton and Robert Mitchell, both of Wolverhampton, in the county of Stafford, Engineers, for the invention of "improvements in shaping and forging metals, and in the machinery and apparatus employed therein."'[8]

1865 November 24th. Died. Of Wolverhampton, Engineer. 'Nov. 24th. At the residence of his brother-in-law, Dr. Rooke, Cheltenham, James Alfred Shipton, C.E., son of the late James Shipton, of Wolverhampton and Leamington, age 38.'[9]

See Also


Sources of Information

  1. Birmingham Journal - Saturday 02 September 1848
  2. 1849 Institution of Mechanical Engineers: New Members
  3. The Engineer 1861/09/06
  4. The London Gazette Publication date:28 May 1861 Issue:22514 Page:2267
  5. [1] The Engineer, 6 Sept 1861, p.140
  6. Wolverhampton Chronicle and Staffordshire Advertiser - Wednesday 27 March 1861
  7. 1861 Census
  8. The London Gazette Publication date:3 February 1865 Issue:22935 Page:513
  9. Worcester Journal - Saturday 02 December 1865