Grace's Guide

British Industrial History

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James Caldwell (1882-1968)

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Major James Caldwell, M.Inst.C.E., M.I.E.E., Mechanical and Electrical Engineer, 14-16, Cockspur Street, London; and Parliament Mansions, Victoria Street, Westminster (1922)

of 2, Chantry House, Eccleston Street, Eaton Square, Westminster, London, S.W.1.(1939)

1882 Born son of Thomas Caldwell and Margaret Fleming Caldwell, née Edmiston, of Rockfield, Paisley

Educated at High School, Glasgow, and Glasgow and West of Scotland Technical College.

1898 - 1904 Apprenticeship with Bow, McLachlan and Co., Ltd., Thistle Works, Paisley.

1904-5 Assistant to W. B. Sayers, M.I.E.E.

Married Blanche Young, of Cornhill, Lanarkshire.

1905-20. Partner in consulting firm of James F. Sayers and Caldwell of Glasgow, specialists in the electric lighting and heating of country houses and public buildings, also consultants for the electrical equipment of collieries, factories, shipyards, bakeries and sugar refineries.

Chief Works: Luttrellstown Castle, Co. Dublin, and Belladram House, Inverness-shire, etc.; several Carnegie Institutions; Royal Hospital for Sick Children, Glasgow, etc.

Collieries: Lochgelly Iron & Coal Co., James Dunlop & Co., and Robert Forrester & Co., Ltd.

Shipyards: Fleming & Ferguson, Ltd., Paisley.

Publications: "Fire Alarms and Indicators," "Notes on Welding Systems," "Report to the United States Shipping Board on Electric Welding Investigations," "Electric Welding Developments in Great Britain and the United States of America."

WWI: 1915-6 Served with the Argyll and Sutherland Highlanders.

1917 Attached to the Royal Engineers, Military Railways Section; Asst. Director of Materials and Priority for the Admiralty.

1917-18 Responsible for early applications of electric welded construction, including a cross-Channel barge.

1918 Special Mission to America for the United States Shipping Board and Ordnance War Department.

1919 Attached to the Admiralty, Superintendent, Welding and Labour-Saving Division.

Demobilized March, 1919, with rank of Major.

1919-21 Responsible for several factory buildings.

1919 Awarded Telford Premium, Inst.C.E.

1922 Living in Great Missenden

1922 Paris Premium, I.E.E.

Chairman, Alloy Welding Processes, Ltd., until amalgamated with Murex, Ltd. in 1930.

1930-37 retained by the Quasi-Arc Co., Ltd., to extend the development of electric welding to steel construction.

1931 Inspected welded undertakings throughout the British Empire

1936 in the U.S.A


1939 Engineer, Civil and Electrical (retired), lived at the White House of Speen, Wycombe[1]

1968 Died in Wycombe[2]

See Also


Sources of Information

  1. 1939 register
  2. BMD