Grace's Guide

British Industrial History

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Joseph Pease

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Joseph Pease age 33 years.
Statue at Darlington? Picture published in 1894.

Joseph Pease (1799-1872)

Born second son of Edward Pease and Rachel Pease, at Darlington on 22 June. Close friend of Timothy Hackworth

1819 helped his father in the projection of the Stockton and Darlington Railway, in 1819 and 1820 by preparing the company's first prospectus.

Age 22 he was on the committee of the Stockton and Darlington Railway

1826 Married Emma (d. 1860), daughter of Joseph Gurney of Norwich; their surviving children comprised five sons and four daughters. Joseph Whitwell Pease (1828-1903) was the eldest son; the others were Edward Pease (1834-1880), John Henry Pease (1836- ), Arthur Pease (1837-1898), Gurney Pease (1839-1872).

1828 took the lead in projecting an extension of the line from Stockton to the hamlet of Middlesbrough further down the Tees estuary

1829 Joseph Pease and Partners purchased a small riverside farm at Middlesbrough. Pease developed the farm into a town and coal port. During the next 70 years Middlesbrough would see one of the most extraordinary population explosions ever known in British history[1].

1832 Entered Parliament as MP for South Durham and continued until 1841, the first Quaker MP.

Partner in Pease of Darlington

Involved in many railway schemes to open up the mineral wealth of the region.

1861 Joseph Pease 61, coal owner and worsted manufacturer, living in Darlington with Jane G Pease 34, Edward Pease 26, clerk, worsted manufactory, Gurney Pease 22, mines accountant, Frances R Pease 16[2]

1872 Died on 8 February at his Darlington home. At the time of his death Pease's industrial concerns employed nearly ten thousand men in collieries, quarries, and ironstone mines. In addition he owned and directed woollen manufactories and was a leading shareholder in Robert Stephenson & Co., numerous Teesside ironmaking concerns, and in the Middlesbrough estate.

See Also

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Sources of Information

  1. Birth of Middlesbrough[1]
  2. 1861 census