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British Industrial History

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Matthew Piers Watt Boulton

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Matthew Piers Watt Boulton (1820-1894)

1820 Born the son of Matthew Robinson Boulton and grandson of Matthew Boulton

He studied a number of different scientific, literary, and philosophical fields. His name comes up frequently in connection to rare books, and his titles include an amazing variety of subjects. Among these are books about photography dating from the early 1860s, translations of the classics Iliad and Æneid from the mid 1870s, papers regarding metaphysics from the late 1870s, and studies of solar heat written during the early 1890s.

1841 His earliest publication was published in 1841, and the last item located was a catalogue of his estate published by the auction house Christie, Manson & Woods in 1911.

1841 Lodging at Trinity College, Cambridge (age 20) [1]

1850 Moved to Oxfordshire after selling his grandfather's Soho House

1845 Married Frances Eliza Cartwright (1817-1864) the daughter of Lieut-Col William Ralph Cartwright and his wife Julia Frances Aubrey

1851 Living at Great Tew, Oxfordshire (age 30 born Staffs), a Landed Proprietor. With his wife Frances Eliza (age 34 born Northants). Also a nephew Thomas Robert Cartwright (age 20) and nine servants [2]

1854 Birth of daughter Marianne Audrey (d.1934)

1858 Birth of daughter Ethel Julia (d.1924)

1861 Living at Grand Parade, Hastings (age 40 born Handsworth), a Landed Proprietor. With his wife Frances Eliza (44 born Aynho, Northants) and their daughters Maryann (age 6 born London) and Ethel (age 5 born Tew, Oxfordshire). Also ten servants. [3]

1864 Wife Frances died

Married Pauline Gleissberg of Germany

1868 Birth of daughter Clara Gertrude (d.1954)

1870 Birth of son Matthew Ernest Boulton (d.1914)

1872 Birth of daughter Pauline Margaret (d.1918)

1875 Birth of son Frederick Montagu (d.1912)

One of his many publications appears to concern the subject of aeronautics. Entitled "On aerial locomotion," the document was published in 1864, four years before Boulton received his aileron patent. It is within this publication that Boulton probably first coined the term aileron, meaning "little wing," and described how such a device could be used to perform the function to which the modern aileron was later applied by Frenchman Henry Farman.

1868 He patented a system of lateral flight control involving what would later be called ailerons

1891 Living at the Mansion, Great Tew, Oxfordshire (age 70 born Handsworth), Living on own Means. With his wife Pauline (age 52 born Germany) and their children Clara G. (age 21 born Knightsbridge), Matthew (age 20 born Paddington), Pauline M. (age 18 born Switzerland) and Frederick M. (age 15 born Great Tew). Also a visitor from Germany and eleven servants. [4]

1894 Died

See Also


Sources of Information

  1. 1841 Census
  2. 1851 census
  3. 1861 Census
  4. 1891 Census