Grace's Guide

British Industrial History

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Premier Cycle Co

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May 1894. Helical cycles.
April 1899.
March 1904.
March 1904.
March 1904.
1912. Gent's 3-speed Roadster.
1912. Gent's 3-speed Roadster.
December 1912
December 1912.
January 1913.
Advertising sign.

of Premier Works, Coventry

See also -

1891 July. The Premier Cycle Co Ltd was formed for the purpose of purchasing Hillman, Herbert and Cooper as a going concern. Directors are: [1]

1891 September. Company wound up. 'The Premier Cycle Company Limited....Resolution was duly confirmed, viz.:— "That the Company be wound up voluntarily under the provisions of the Companies Acts, 1862 and 1867." And at such last mentioned Meeting Stephen Herbert Norton, of Coventry, was appointed Liquidator...' T. W. Hargeaves is Chairman.[2]

1893 Production plant also at Nuremberg and Egger to serve markets outside UK[3].

1896 The New Premier Cycle Co was registered on 29 June to acquire the business of the Premier Cycle Co. Directors are: [4] [5].

1896 The cycle boom was at its peak, with improved road surfaces and the introduction of the pneumatic tyre. Employment in the industry almost quadrupled, to 30,000. It was reported that "agents hurried from factory to factory, cash in hand, pleased if they could secure even a couple of machines"[6].

1896/7 Directory: Listed under cycles as New Premier Cycle Co. Limited, of Premier Works. [7]

1902 Reverted to the original title of Premier Cycle Co.

1912 Listed in Spennell's directory of Coventry as Cycle Manufacturers. [8]

1912 Premier Cycle Co listed at Hertford St. and Lincoln St (Tel. 796), Read St (Tel. 514), Coventry and as manufacturers of motorcycles.

c.1912 Introduced Premier Cycle Car

1913 The German operation went into receivership and the Japanese operation was in trouble. [9]

1915 Further losses mainly due to operation in Japan. [10]

1914 Changed the name to Coventry Premier Ltd

1920 Company acquired by Singer.

Bicycles

Premier Cycle Co in Nuremberg, Germany[11]

1887, Oct. 1: Hillman, Herbert and Cooper take over the "Nuremberg Velociped-Depot" one of the oldest bicyle-retailers in Nuremberg.[12]

At the same time they start building their own bicycle plant in Nuremberg-Doos.[13] (Doos at that time was a little village west of Nuremberg which was suburbanized to Nuremberg in 1899).

1888, April 17: Hillman, Herbert and Cooper enrolled at the Professional Register stating they employ 1 director, 3 white collars and 30 workers.[14]

1890 Hillman, Herbert and Cooper are members in the “Association of German Bicycle Manufacturers”[15]

1892 Hillman, Herbert and Cooper set up another bicycle-plant in Eger/Bohemia to avoid paying high import-taxes to the Austrian-Hungarian Empire.[16]

1897, Dec. William Hillman received German imperial patent no. 98652 for a production process of double-tubes from sheet metal (so called Helical-tube)[17]

Year No of bicycles No of workers
Production and number of workers developed as follows[18]
1890 1500 100
1892 4000 200
1894 8500 350
1896 18,000 790
1898 28,800 940
1900 22600 700
1902 22700 580
1904 36000 540
1906 47800 510
1908 44500 485

1907 Long article on the history of the company.[19]

1911, Sep. H., H. & C., meanwhile The Premier Cycle Co. Ltd. Nuremberg, merge with "Nürnberger Feuerlöschgeräte und Maschinenfabrik vorm. Justus Christian Braun" (Nuremberg Fire Extinguishing Devices- and Machine Works former Justus Christian Braun) in order to start a joint automobile production. The company name is changed to "Justus Christian Braun - Premier-Werke Aktien-gesellschaft." (Aktiengesellschaft means public company)[20]

1913, Aug. "Justus Christian Braun - Premier-Werke AG." is in liquidation.[21]

Notes:

  • Der Velocipedist: German Bicycle Magazine
  • Fränkischer Kurier: Daily newspaper in Northern Bavaria
  • Festschrift zum 50-jährigen Bestehen des Vereins Deutscher Fahrradfabrikanten 1938: Publication issued on the 50th anniversary of the Association of German Bicycle Manufacturers in 1938
  • Paller: Book written by Rupert von Paller: Die bayrische Fahrrad-Industrie. Eine geschichtlich-statistische Betrachtung, Nürnberg 1908 (The bavarian bicycle-industy. A historic-statistic reflection, published in Nuremberg 1908)
  • DEPATISnet: Database of German Patent and Trade Mark Office

See Also

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Sources of Information

  • The British Motorcycle Directory - Over 1,100 Marques from 1888 - by Roy Bacon and Ken Hallworth. Pub: The Crowood Press 2004 ISBN 1 86126 674 X
  • [2] A-Z of Historic, Classic, Vintage and Veteran Motorcycles web site
  • [3] Miscellaneous A-Z Classic and Vintage Motorcycles web site
  • Miller’s Price Guide to Classic Motorcycles
  • Trademarked. A History of Well-Known Brands - from Aertex to Wright's Coal Tar by David Newton. Pub: Sutton Publishing 2008 ISBN 978-0-7509-4590-5
  • [4] Wikipedia
  1. The Times, Saturday, Jul 25, 1891
  2. [1] Gazette Issue 26207 published on the 29 September 1891. Page 23 of 58
  3. Lloyd's Weekly Newspaper, 22 January 1893
  4. The Stock Exchange Year Book 1908
  5. The Times, Wednesday, Jul 01, 1896
  6. The Story of the Bicycle, by John Woodforde, 1970
  7. Peck's Trades Directory of Birmingham, 1896-97: Cycles
  8. Spennell's Annual Directory of Coventry and District, 1912-13
  9. The Times, Monday, Oct 13, 1913
  10. The Times, Saturday, Dec 11, 1915
  11. Collated by Peter Ullein (March 2018)
  12. Der Velocipedist, Nr. 20, of Oct. 25, 1887, p. 209
  13. Fränkischer Kurier of Oct. 7., 1887, Nr. 512
  14. Municipal Archive Nuremberg, C22/V, Nr. 40, entry of 17.4.1888
  15. Festschrift zum 50-jährigen Bestehen des Vereins Deutscher Fahrradfabrikanten 1938
  16. Paller, p. 26 f
  17. DEPATISnet DE0000098652
  18. Paller, p. 28
  19. Athletic News - Monday 22 July 1907
  20. Fränkischer Kurier of Sep. 1, 1911, Nr. 446, p. 6
  21. Fränkischer Kurier of Aug. 22,1913, Nr. 427, p. 6