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British Industrial History

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Regents Canal: Bridges

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Bridge No. 3c
Bridge No. 8
Bridge No. 8
Bridge No. 8
Macclesfield Bridge
Macclesfield Bridge
Bridge No. 10
Bridge No. 10
Bridge No. 12
Broad Walk Bridge
Broad Walk Bridge
Bridge No. 16
Bridge No. 16
Bridge No. 16
Bridge No. 18
c.1856 cast iron footbridge, No. 21, over the entrance to the Interchange Building at Camden Lock basin
Roving bridge
Roving bridge detail
Roving bridge - lugs for tie bars
Bridge No. 24

Regent's Canal passes under approximately 40 bridges on its route through north London. A selection of the bridges located between Little Venice and Camden Lock will be included here.

Bridge No. 3c: Steel (or wrought iron) and cast iron bridge at Little Venice, made by Francis Morton and Co.

Bridge No. 8, south west of Macclesfield Bridge: This bridge serves a path connecting Prince Albert Road (near Chalbert Street) with Regent's Park. Its construction is unusual, having three cast iron arch ribs, springing from cast iron plates on the masonry abutments, with brick vaulting between the arches, and brick and stone construction above the arches, surmounted by cast iron railings.

Macclesfield Bridge. On 2nd October 1874 at 04.55, a barge carrying gunpowder exploded, destroying the bridge and killing three crew members. The bridge was rebuilt using the original Coalbrookdale Co fluted iron columns. It is also known as "Blow Up Bridge". Contemporary photos of aftermath of explosion here and here[1]

Bridge 10: A cast iron arch bridge west of Broad Walk Bridge, providing access within London Zoo. The maker is unidentified, although the castings appear to be identical with those of Broad Walk Bridge (apart from the absence of the maker's details). It was designed by John Fowler, and described and illustrated in 'Engineering' in 1866.[2]

Broad Walk Bridge: Cast iron footbridge made by Grissell in 1864, which takes The Broad Walk over the canal.

Bridge No. 12 is by R. Masefield and Co.

Gloucester Road, Bridge No. 16: The dominant part of the bridge is of brick arch construction, but there is an interesting extension on the western side. It has cambered cast iron beams supporting flagstones. The outermost beam is evidently of recent construction, being reinforced concrete, with apparently old iron castings bolted to the face. above the beam is a dressed stone and brick parapet.

Railway Bridge, No. 18: A pair of riveted plate girder bridges carrying railway lines to Euston Station. These bridges are by no means as interesting as the 1838 bridges which they replaced in 1923: they were of a peculiar design by Robert Stephenson or Charles Fox, and the nearest comparable survivor of that type is Todmorden - Gauxholme No. 2 Viaduct. It appears that the 1838 masonry abutments below girder level have survived (see photo). Note the flared centre pier: this shape can be seen in a contemporary drawing of the original bridge[3]

Camden Lock: Interchange Basin footbridge, No. 21: Cast iron footbridge over the entrance to the Interchange Building at Camden Lock basin, made by Joseph Deeley and Co (Newport). See here for an interesting account of the Interchange Building. At some point it became a bowstring bridge by the addition of slender tie bars, attached to the cast iron beams via bolted-on fabricated brackets. One source gives a date of c.1856. However, it is considered more likely that it dates from 1846, when alterations were made to the towpath in this area.

Roving Bridge at Camden Lock: Bridge No. 22, also known as Hampstead Road Lock Bridge. This is a rare example of an cast iron arch bridge with wrought iron tie bars fixed at the top of the parapet.

Camden High Street Bridge, No. 24: Also known as Hampstead Road Bridge. Constructed from riveted steel or wrought iron plate, with cast iron capping on parapet.

See Also


Sources of Information

  1. [1] Friends of Regent's Canal website
  2. [2] Engineering, 6 July 1866. pp.4 & 5
  3. [3] 'Railway practice: A Collection of Working Plans and Practical Details of Construction in the Public Works of the Most Celebrated Engineers Comprising Tunnels and Tunnel Fronts, Turnpike Road Bridges...' by S. C. Brees, 1838. (Details of Robert Stephenson's 1838 bridge which carried the London & Birmingham Railway over Regent's Canal near Chalk Farm)