Grace's Guide

British Industrial History

Grace's Guide is the leading source of historical information on industry and manufacturing in Britain. This web publication contains 148,552 pages of information and 233,970 images on early companies, their products and the people who designed and built them.

Thomas Clayton

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Thomas Gethig Clayton (1831-1916), railway carriage designer, of Midland Railway

1831 Born at Madeley, Shropshire, son of Charles Clayton and his wife Hannah[1]

1847 Trained under his father in engineering at Madeley

1852-1859 Worked in various engineering establishments in London and elsewhere

1859-73 Worked for the Great Western Railway under Joseph Armstrong, mainly concerned with the carriage and wagon stock.

1863- Oversaw the building of Swindon Works.

1873 Carriage and wagon superintendent for the Midland Railway, head of a department employing 4000 men.

1873-77 Oversaw the building of the Carriage and Wagon Works at Derby Works

1875 Responsible for the redesign and refurbishment of 3rd class to 2nd class carriages.

1876 Designed the 12-wheel bogie composites and 8-wheel thirds for the Scottish expresses

Also responsible for the universal brake hose couplings between carriages.

1879 Introduced Travelling Post Office

1884 Elected a member of the Inst Civil Engineers

1891 Thomas G Clayton 60, civil engineer (Midland Railway), employer, lived in Shardlow with Mary E Clayton 46, his stepson, Harold W Gough 20, James A Clayton 16, Marion G Clayton 13, Thomas G Clayton 11, Charles S J Clayton 10[2]

1892-3 Introduced 12-wheel bogie diners.

1897 Introduced 'Clerestory-balloon' coaches for Manchester.

By 1906 his address was The Grange, Normanton, Derby

By 1916 he was living in Bournemouth

See Also


Sources of Information

  1. 1851 census
  2. 1891 census
  • Chris de Winter Hebron, 50 Famous Railwaymen, 2005