Grace's Guide

British Industrial History

Grace's Guide is the leading source of historical information on industry and manufacturing in Britain. This web publication contains 133,427 pages of information and 211,664 images on early companies, their products and the people who designed and built them.

Castrol

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Advertising Sign.
Advertising Sign.
Advertising Sign.
Im2011BCCS-Castrol.jpg
January 1934.

See Castrol: Image Gallery

a brand of lubricating oil made by C. C. Wakefield and Co of Wakefield House, 30/32 Cheapside, London, EC2. Telephone: City 4411 (10 lines). Telegraphic Address: "Cheery, Cent., London"

19 March 1899 Charles Cheers Wakefield founded the Wakefield Oil Company or C. C. Wakefield and Co.

In 1909, the C. C. Wakefield and Co began production of a new automotive lubricant named "Castrol" (a contraction of Castor oil, from which it was made). The company developed specific oil applications for various applications of the new internal combustion engine, including automobiles, motorcycles, and aircraft. [1]

1917 Advertised as C. C. Wakefield and Co

1933 Book published in-house: Achievements of 1933[2], which was followed by similar books in later years.

1937 British Industries Fair Advert for High Pressure Greasing Equipment for Motor Transport . Forced Feed Mechanical Oil Lubricators for all types Steam Engines and Stationary Plant. Grease Lubricators for Crushers, Rolling Mills, etc., Grease Guns. (Engineering/Metals/Quarrys, Road, and Mining/Transport Section - Stand No. D.507 [3]

1937 Motor oil manufacturers. "Castraulic" Brake Fluid; "Castrol" Wakefield Patent Lubricating Oils; "Castrolaero C" Engine Oil. [4]

1939 See Aircraft Industry Suppliers

WWII All three British armed services used oils and lubricating equipment from Castrol.

1954 Book: Road Vehicle Lubrication. [5]

1960 C. C. Wakefield and Co changed the name of the group to Castrol Ltd. Transfer of head office to new building, Castrol House, Marylebone Road[6].

1963 Motor Show exhibitor. Garage equipment. [7]

1965 Acquired the Atlas Preservative Co.

In 1966, Castrol Ltd was acquired by British oil company Burmah, which was renamed Burmah-Castrol in 1967[8].

In 2000, Burmah-Castrol was acquired by the then BP Amoco plc (now renamed BP plc). Castrol branded lubricants continue to be sold around the world and are, in many countries, market leaders.

See Also

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Sources of Information

  1. [1] Wikipedia
  2. [2] Biblio.com
  3. 1937 British Industries Fair Advert p664; and p430
  4. 1937 The Aeroplane Directory of the Aviation and Allied Industries
  5. [3] Amazon
  6. The Times, 23 June 1960
  7. 1963 Motor Show
  8. The Times, 28 October 1966