Grace's Guide To British Industrial History

Registered UK Charity (No. 115342)

Grace's Guide is the leading source of historical information on industry and manufacturing in Britain. This web publication contains 150,697 pages of information and 235,204 images on early companies, their products and the people who designed and built them.

Grace's Guide is the leading source of historical information on industry and manufacturing in Britain. This web publication contains 147,919 pages of information and 233,587 images on early companies, their products and the people who designed and built them.

C. C. Wakefield and Co

From Graces Guide
December 1906.
June 1909.
November 1909.
November 1909.
July 1910.
July 1910.
September 1913.
March 1916.
January 1918.
1919. Agricastrol.
1920. Agricastrol.
January 1920.
January 1920.
May 1921. Castrol.
January 1923.
July 1923.
July 1924.
May 1925.
September 1925.


Nov 1927.
July 1928. Oilit.
December 1928.
May 1929.
September 1929.
June 1930.
June 1930.
September 1930.
October 1930.
March 1931. Oilit.
May 1931.
May 1931.
July 1931.
July 1931.
July 1931.
March 1932.
May 1932.
September 1932.
December 1934.
Aug 1935. GWR Centenary.
8 April 1936 Advert from CyclingMagazine.
April 1936.
July 1936.
July 1936.
September 1936.
October 1936.
February 1937.
October 1937.
December 1937.
January 1939.
March 1939.
April 1939.
April 1959.
May 1939.
May 1939.
January 1953.
C. C. Wakefield ‘Brillia’ flare light at the National Waterways Museum, Gloucester
Flare Light. Exhibit at National Waterways Museum, Gloucester.
Flare Light. Detail. Exhibit at National Waterways Museum, Gloucester.

also see Castrol: Image Gallery

of 27 Cannon Street, London E.C., manufacturer of lubricating oils.

Founded on 19 March 1899 by Charles Cheers Wakefield in London; originally named the Wakefield Oil Company.

In 1909, the company began production of a new automotive lubricant named Castrol (a contraction of Castor oil, from which it was made). The company developed specific oil applications for various applications of the new internal combustion engine, including automobiles, motorcycles, and aircraft. [1].

1910 An airship called Carbic (built by Spencer and Sons - possibly C. G. Spencer and Sons) was flown over the aero exhibition at Olympia; it was later featured on C. C. Wakefield and Co's advertisement of acetylene lighting for motorists[2].

1910 C. C. Wakefield and Co awarded a Diploma of Honour at Brussels Exhibition for railway plant and equipment[3]; also exhibited mechanical lubricator.

1910 Supplied Carbic cake, made in Yorkshire, claimed to be an improved method of packaging the ingredients for making acetylene[4]. Exhibited patented Carbic acetylene lamp at exhibition at Olympia.

1910 Floated a new public company Carbic Ltd to acquire the business of making Carbic cake, the factory at Thornhill, Yorkshire and the patent rights from C. C. Wakefield and Co[5].

1912 Advertised Wakefield Castrol lubricating oil

1913 Listed as manufacturers of lubricating oils and patentees of the Wakefield mechanical llubricator. Moved offices to Wakefield House 30 - 34 Cheapside E. C.[6]

1916 Advertised Castroleum oil (see advert)

1917 Advertised as C. C. Wakefield and Co; registered company

1919 Castrol oil used in pioneering air flights, across the Atlantic and elsewhere.

1921 Castrol oils used by T.T. race winners.

1933 Introduced mechanised service for car lubrication at Castrol Lubrequipment Services

1941 Death of Viscount Wakefield, founder of the company[7].

1944 Private placing of shares in the company

1945 Shares admitted to trading on London Stock Exchange[8].

1945 Wakefield's business was mainly in the motor trade and aircraft industry. Acquired W. B. Dick and Co, a complementary business in oils for shipping, electrical and other industries[9].

1952 Report of 35th general meeting of the company; W. B. Dick and Co was the principal subsidiary; John B. Pillin Ltd was also a subsidiary - that company was responsible for manufacture of lubricating appliances that the company sold[10].

1955 Major Cyril Dennis, director of W. B. Dick and Co which was the principal subsidiary of C. C. Wakefield and Co, retired from executive offices[11].

1956 The principal subsidiary from 1 January was Wakefield-Dick Industrial Oils Ltd. In 1957 this company had been awarded a contract to supply lubricating oil to Chapel Cross atomic power station and others under construction[12].

1957 Output of chemical additives at the Stanlow factory had increased. Edwin Cooper and Co was another subsidiary which would handle sale of surpluses to the general public[13].

1958 Wakefield-Dick Industrial Oils was a member of the Wakefield group[14]. Acquired Fletcher Miller Ltd, also involved in industrial oils[15].

1960 Name changed to Castrol Ltd. Transfer of head office to new building, Castrol House, Marylebone Road. Acquired De-corrosion services (Norwest) Ltd of Bootle which had been renamed Metal Cleaning Ltd[16].

In 1966, Castrol Ltd was acquired by British oil company Burmah, which was renamed Burmah-Castrol in 1967[17].

See Also


Sources of Information

  1. [1] Wikipedia
  2. The Times, 9 June 1910
  3. The Times, 15 September 1910
  4. The Times, 15 June 1910
  5. The Times, 20 October 1910
  6. The Engineer 1913/09/19 p 320.
  7. The Times, 16 January 1941
  8. The Times, 14 August 1945
  9. The Times, 16 November 1945
  10. The Times, Monday, Jul 07, 1952
  11. The Times, 30 September 1955
  12. The Times, 20 June 1957
  13. The Times, 20 June 1957
  14. The Times, 31 January 1958
  15. The Times, 25 June 1959
  16. The Times, 23 June 1960
  17. The Times, 28 October 1966