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British Industrial History

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Cunliffe and Croom

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1899. Duplex milling machine.
Planing machine at Whanganui Riverboat Centre New Zealand
January 1902.
September 1902.
Machine for bending wrought iron spokes for railway wagon wheels, Page's Weekly, 21 Oct 1904 via
From Page's Weekly, 21 Oct 1904 via
1909. Large screw cutting lathe.
1909. View of headstock.
Large Screw Cutting Lathe. 1909.
July 1910.
December 1910.

See also Richard Cunliffe

Cunliffe and Croom were best known as machine tool makers. Their machines included lathes, boring machines, milling machines, planing machines, shaping machines, gear-cutting machines.

The address was given as Manchester, they were actually located in neighbouring Salford, at Broughton Iron Works on Edward Street, Broughton. Broughton Iron Works was established by 1873.

Founded in 1864 by Richard Cunliffe, who started in very small premises, executing only the finishing processes himself, and having all castings made outside. Later the extensive Broughton Iron Works was established. In 1879 he was joined by Mr. Croom, who died some years later. Richard Cunliffe was at one time foreman at the works of Sharp, Stewart and Co.[1]

At the London Bankruptcy Court yesterday an application was made to the court, at the instance of Messrs. Cunliffe and Croom, of Salford, machine tool makers, for the appointment of a receiver to the estate of this debtor, who carries on business at Wilson-street, Gray's Inn-lane, as lathe and tool maker. It appeared that the debtor had filed a petition for the liquidation of his affairs, but the proceedings had fallen through, and he had been subsequently adjudicated bankrupt on the petition of Messrs. Cunliffe and Croom, and Mr. Langdon, from the firm of Messrs. Pritchard and Englefield, now applied to the court to appoint a receiver under the bankruptcy.— In reply to a question from the learned Registrar, Mr. Langdon stated that the bankrupt offered no opposition to the motion. His Honour accordingly appointed Mr. Croom, of Manchester, to the office; and also restrained two suing creditors from executing judgments obtained by them.'[2]

1878 Advert: 'Bicycles, quadricycles. Large STOCK of best material and high-class workmanship.— CUNLIFFE & CROOM, Broughton Iron Works, Edward-street, Broughton-lane. Repairs quickly QUADRICYCLE [3]

1880 Advert: 'BICYCLES. — Large Stock of the best material and workmanship at wholesale prices; several Salvo Quadricycles ON SALE; repairs quickly executed.— CUNLIFFE & CROOM, Edward-street, Broughton-lane.'[4]

1904 Machine for bending wrought iron spokes for railway wagon wheels described and illustrated here[5]. It was driven by its own single-cylinder horizontal steam engine. See illustrations.

By the 1940s they had a foundry at Wilton Iron Works, Wilton Street, Denton, Manchester[6]

By 1953 the company was a wholly-owned subsidiary of James Archdale and Co Ltd

1953 Acquired by Staveley Coal and Iron Co as part of its acquisition of James Archdale and Co Ltd [7].

1960s Producing well-designed and constructed milling machines for general workshop use.

See Also


Sources of Information

  1. [1] THE CENTURY'S PROGRESS - LANCASHIRE. The London Printing and Engraving Co., 1892
  2. Manchester Courier and Lancashire General Advertiser, 18 May 1876
  3. Manchester Courier and Lancashire General Advertiser, 16 November 1878
  4. Manchester Courier and Lancashire General Advertiser, 6 April 1880
  5. [2] Page's Weekly, 21 Oct 1904, p.441
  6. Manchester Evening News, 12 October 1946, advert for moulders
  7. The Times, 16 December 1953
  • Machine Tools by James Weir French in 2 vols. Published 1911 by Gresham