Phineas Crowther (1763-1818) of Newcastle-upon-Tyne patented an improved type of vertical engine in 1800. It had no beam. It was widely used as a colliery winding engine.
1800 Phineas Crowther, a Newcastle engineer, patented the single cylinder lever type vertical winding engine which was to become the principal type used in the North of England. There were estimated to be 2500 steam engines at work in Britain.
1808 Partnership dissolved. 'Notice is hereby given, that the Partnership carried on between us at the Skinner Burn, in the County of Northumberland, near Newcastle-upon-Tyne, as Civil Engineers, under the Firm of Phineas Crowther, is this Day dissolved by mutual Consent; and that all Debts due from and owing to the said Partnership are to be paid and received by our undersigned Phineas Crowther: As witness our Hands the 16th Day of April 1808, John Whinfield and Phin. Crowther.'
1836 February. Marriage of Margaret Gellie the third daughter of the late Phineas Crowther, Civil Engineer.
1853 Premises sold. 'To be sold by private contract, The Iron Foundry, at the Ouseburn, formerly belonging to Mr Phineas Crowther. There is a substantial Quay, with Water Frontage, and a Steam Engine and other Machinery. Some of the Machinery and fixed Tools belonging to Mr Burn, the present occupier, may be taken at a valuation. The place is well suited for boiler building, or any similar trade.'
Sources of Information
-  Gazette Issue 16139 published on the 23 April 1808. Page 10 of 16
- Newcastle Journal - Saturday 20 February 1836
- Newcastle Courant - Friday 09 September 1853
-  Durham Miner project
- Timothy Hackworth and the Locomotive by Robert Young. Published 1923.