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Robert Maitland Brereton (1834-1911) was an English railway engineer in India. In the United States he helped secure the first Act of Congress for the irrigation of California.
1834 January 2nd. Born in Little Massingham, Norfolk, the son of the Rev. Charles David Brereton ( -1868), Rector, and his wife Frances. He came from a Norfolk family that produced other notable engineers Cuthbert Arthur Brereton and Robert Pearson Brereton.
1853 Studied practical mechanics at King's College London, entering the field of civil engineering upon graduating. He joined Brunel's design team, of which his second cousin Robert Pearson Brereton was also a member. He worked on the Royal Albert Bridge across the River Tamar at Saltash, and the construction of the Cornish railway.
Brereton was first employed in Brunel's office in Duke St, London from 1854 to 1855 where he witnessed the building of the SS Great Eastern.
In 1856 he worked on the engineering of the new Paddington Railway Station, including bridges, warehouses, iron girder work, rail laying, and hydraulic and other machinery.
1857 Went to India to work under Robert Wilfred Graham as an assistant engineer. While there, he started work on the construction of the Bombay to Calcutta Railway, which was to form the backbone of the Indian Railways.
In January 1858 Brereton escaped death twice when his camp at the Sake River was attacked and looted by a band of 500 Bhils, during the unrest associated with the Indian mutiny.
As he gained promotions, Brereton was eventually appointed chief engineer for the Great Indian Peninsula Railway and undertook to complete the strategic connection across the continent. This was accomplished in 1870, ahead of the promised schedule.
Opening the railway from Bombay to Calcutta in March 1870, the Viceroy of India said, "...it may happen that a thousand years hence, Mr. Brereton's ghost may still hover with anxious solicitude over the unbroken piers of the Trowa Viaduct..."
In 1871, following a severe drought in California, Brereton was called to San Francisco by William Chapman Ralston, cashier of the Bank of California. For the next five years, Brereton was employed on various projects for the irrigation of the San Joaquin Valley lands. He supervised the surveying of the area and produced a detailed plan of irrigation canals.
1873 Married in San Francisco to Alice Fairchild (1851–1917) of Waterloo, New York, and together they had four children.
He was sent to Washington to advocate the scheme, and in 1873 Congress set up a commission to make recommendations on the development of the irrigation. Brereton declined an invitation to serve on the commission, but he nevertheless assisted its members and his plans were those endorsed by the commission.
Brereton sought backing in Great Britain for both irrigation and emigration schemes in California. His 1872 pamphlet, Project for English Middle and Yeoman Class Colonies for California, described the productivity of the land and drew attention to the opportunities, including the welcome that would await immigrants.
Brereton's next assignment was back in England; operating in a new position created by an Act of Parliament, he was to manage the county's roads. In so doing, he had to overcome those people who had lived their live under the parochial system of road management and wanted good roads but begrudged their cost. He succeeded, and when he left the post, the Prince of Wales was amongst those signing his testimonial of appreciation.
1881 Living at Prince of Wales Road, Norwich: Ralph M. Brereton (age 47 born Massingham, Norfolk), Civil Engineer. With his wife Alice Brereton (age 29 born Waterloo, New York) and their three children; Maitland Brereton (age 6 born San Francisco); Ralph H. Brereton (age 3 born Hereford); and Katherine J. Brereton (age 8 months born Norwich). Three servants.
1886-88 Brereton's next appointment was made by the third Duke of Sutherland and involved Brereton acting as the Duke's agent in encouraging crofters to take opportunities to resettle in Canada.
In retirement he lived in Portland, Oregon.
1908 Brereton published his reminiscences
1911 December 7th. Died at Woodstock, Oregon.
1912 Obituary 
ROBERT MAITLAND BRERETON died at Woodstock, Oregon, on the 7th December, 1911, aged 77.
Of Norfolk origin, he was trained as a youth under Brunel, and assisted in the construction of the Great Western Railway.
Subsequently he was engaged in India for 13 years on the construction of the Great Indian Peninsula Railway, and for 8 years on irrigation work in California.
Returning to this country, he was occupied for several years as county surveyor of roads and bridges in Norfolk, commissioner to the late Duke of Sutherland, and a director of the Highland Railway. He took part in carrying out a settlement of crofter families in Canada, and from 1889 onwards, practised as a consulting engineer in the United States.
Mr. Brereton was elected a Member of The Institution on the 10th January, 1865.