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British Industrial History

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Sandys, Carne and Vivian

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Sandys, Carne and Vivian of Copperhouse Foundry, Hayle.

The company built pumping engines, iron sailing ships, plant for gas-works, flour-mills, saw mills, Cornish boilers etc

1820s The company started as Trevenan, Carne and Wood

1836 'New' 24 inch engine and boiler advertised for sale at Tigrony Mine, opposite the Ovoca Hotel, near Wicklow[1]

c.1837 Worked on construction of Brunel's suspension bridge across the Thames at Hungerford (Charing Cross), which was later erected at Clifton over the River Avon.

1838 First steam locomotives built

1843 'EXTRAORDINARY ROPE - On Saturday last, a hempen rope was made at the rope factory of Messrs. Sandys, Carne, and Vivian, of Hayle, which measured 2,880 feet in length, and 10 1/8 inches in circumference, and weighed upwards of five tons — more than 3,000,000 feet of yarn was consumed in its manufacture. It is for one of the inclined planes on the Hayle railway, and in weight and size exceeds any railway rope which of we have heard. It is, probably, the heaviest ever made in the county, and reflects credit on the roper, Mr. Veal. Cornwall Paper. [The Cornish ropers are completely beaten by our neighbours, Messrs. R. S. Newall and Co., of the patent wire rope works, near Gateshead. We lately saw a coil of wire rope passing our office, on a waggon drawn by ten horses; and, on inquiry, found it measured 15,000 feet in length, and weighed over ten tons. It was for the Durham and Sunderland Railway. We have since been informed that three times that length of wire rope, made Messrs. Newall and Co., or 45,000 feet, are worked by one engine on that railway.— Correspondent of Gateshead Observer].[2]

1846 90" Grand Junction Beam engine is preserved at Kew Bridge Steam Museum

1846 Provided boilers 'on an improved plan by Mr. Moyle' for the refit of the Truro and Falmouth Steam Packet and Tug 'Dart'.[3]

1848 WE, the undersigned, Joseph Carne, of Penzance, in the county of Cornwall, Esq. and John Vivian, of Pencalenick, in the said county, Esq. being the surviving trustees of the company carrying on business in the port of Hayle, and at Marazion, in the said county, under the firm of Sandys, Carne, and Vivian, do hereby give notice, that the aforesaid Joseph Carne has retired from the said company, and is no longer a partner therein.[4].

1852 Beam engine built for the Wheal Kitty

1855 Beam engine originally built for South Crofty Mine

1862 See Sandys, Vivian and Co

A 350 HP Sandys, Carne & Vivian Cornish pumping engine with an 84 inch cylinder was advertised for sale at Wellington Pit, south of Edinburgh, in 1863[5]

1867 The Company was acquired by Harveys of Hayle.

1869 The works closed

See Also


Sources of Information

  1. Saunders's News-Letter - Wednesday 27 July 1836
  2. Dublin Weekly Register, 2 December 1843
  3. Royal Cornwall Gazette - Friday 14 March 1845
  4. London Gazette 6 October 1848
  5. Dundee Advertiser, 19 March 1863
  • British Steam Locomotive Builders by James W. Lowe. Published in 1975. ISBN 0-905100-816
  • The Steam Engine in Industry by George Watkins in two volumes. Moorland Publishing. 1978/9. ISBN 0-903485-65-6