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The Southern Mahratta Railway (1882-1908) was one of the pioneer railway companies of India.
1858 Captain C. C. Johnson, officiating as constructing engineer of railways forwarded the proposal for a railway to be constructed and called it the Southern Mahratta Railway.
1882 June 1st. The Southern Mahratta Railway company was formed with its headquarters at Dharwar.
1884 March 24th. The first line to open was a metre gauge line of 40.5 mile long from Bellary to Hospet.
In 1886 the Mysore State Railway's management was also taken by the Southern Mahratta Railway company.
In 1888, a line was extended from Londa towards the Portuguese Goa where it connected with the Marmagao line at Castle Rock.
In 1889-90 the Southern Mahratta Railway company constructed the first coast to coast line from Marmagoa to Beswada.
The Londa - Castle Rock line was later taken over by West of India Portuguese Railway