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British Industrial History

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Theodore Fry

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Sir Theodore Fry (c1837-1912), chairman of Theodore Fry and Co and of A. and T. Fry

c1837 Born

1859 Listed at Lower House, Cotham, Bristol [1]

1861 Living at Cotham New Road, Westbury on Trym (age 24 born Bristol), Agricultural Implement Maker. With his parents Francis (age 57), a chocolate maker, and Matilda Fry and his siblings. [2]


1912 Obituary [3]

Sir THEODORE FRY, Bart., M.P., died on February 5, 1912, at his residence at Beechhanger Court, Caterham Valley, Surrey, in his seventy-seventh year, and was buried on February 8 in the Parish Cemetery of St. Mary's, Caterham. He belonged to a well-known north-country family, for many years connected with the Cleveland iron trade.

The late Sir Theodore Fry was the second son of the late Mr. Francis Fry, of Tower House, Bristol, and of Matilda, the daughter of Daniel Penrose, of Co. Wicklow, and was born on May 1, 1836. It had been the intention of his parents that he should be especially fitted for trade and commerce, and he early developed a comprehensive grasp of these subjects.

He received his education in Bristol. He went to Darlington in 1866, becoming chief partner in Fry, I'Anson & Company, Limited, Rise Carr Rolling Mills, which was succeeded in turn by Sir Theodore Fry & Company, Limited, of which company he was, until recently, chairman.

He was, in addition, a director of the Bear Park Coal and Coke Company, Limited; a director of the Weardale and Shildon Water Company; of Saddler & Company, Limited; of the Nitrate Producers' Steamship Company, and latterly a director of Ruston, Proctor & Company, Limited, Lincoln.

At the age of twenty-six he married Sophia, daughter of Mr. John Pease, of East Mount, Darlington, and Cleveland Lodge, Great Ayton, Yorkshire, and grand-daughter of Mr. Edward Pease, by whom he had four sons and three daughters. She died in 1897, and in 1902 he married Florence, the eldest daughter of Mr. William Bates, of Oakdene, Birkenhead, by whom he had one daughter.

He was a great traveller and a collector of antiquities of various kinds. He was a Fellow of the Society of Antiquaries and a life member of University College, London. He was also a Doctor of Laws (Honoris Causa) for the University of Durham, and Lord of the Manor of Cleasley in the North Riding of Yorkshire.

In politics he was a Liberal, and from 1880 to 1895 he represented Darlington in the House of Commons. He was created a baronet of the United Kingdom in 1894, and is succeeded by his eldest son, Mr. John Pease Fry, born February 26, 1864.

He was an original member of the Iron and Steel Institute, but resigned his membership on account of his advancing years in 1909.


See Also

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Sources of Information

  1. 1859 Bristol Post Office Directory and Gazetteer
  2. 1861 Census
  3. 1912 Iron and Steel Institute: Obituaries