Grace's Guide

British Industrial History

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Thomas Hackworth

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1797 Born in Ovingham, Northumberland, son John Hackworth (d. 1802), master blacksmith at Wylam colliery, and his wife, Elizabeth Sanderson of Newcastle (and brother of Timothy Hackworth).

Served a seven year apprenticeship at Wylam Colliery

1824 Took over from his brother as manager of Walbottle Colliery

1833 When Timothy Hackworth left the Stockton and Darlington Railway to concentrate on his own engineering business supplying locomotive and stationary engines from new workshops at New Shildon, he placed his brother Thomas in charge along with Nicholas Downing. The business was initially called Hackworth and Downing and built locomotive, marine, and industrial engines and boilers. This was known as the Phoenix Iron Works. Downing dropped out later and Thomas remained until 1840 when Timothy took over the whole works.

1839 Thomas moved to Stockton where he set up in business with George Fossick as Fossick and Hackworth to build locomotives and carriages. They bought premises from Jacob Waller in Norton Road that had previously been used as a flour and saw mill.

1840 Timothy gave up his contract with the Stockton and Darlington Railway and concentrated on the Soho Works at Shildon. Timothy fulfilled contracts for the Clarence Railway and various collieries and also built stationary marine and industrial engines.

1841 Thomas Hackworth 39, engineer, lived in Stockton with Adele Hackworth 27, Mary Hackworth 3, Nicholas Hackworth 2[1]

1844 Fossick and Hackworth obtained a contract for haulage of the Stockton and Hartlepool Railway and the Clarence Railway and they retained this until 1855

1851 Engine builder and iron founder, member of the firm Fossick and Hackworth employing 231 men and boys, lived in Stockton with Adele Hackworth 37, John Hackworth 7, Adele Hackworth 5, Thomas Hackworth 3[2]

1853 They went into marine engineering and eventually this replaced the railway work.

1858 Listed as an Engine Builder and Ironfounder in Stockton [3]

1861 Thomas Hackworth 64, steam engine builder and iron founder, lived in Stockton with Adele Hackworth 47, John Hackworth 13, Adele Hackworth 15, Thomas Hackworth 13, Mary Hackworth 8[4]

1865 Thomas retired; George Blair who had been the Works Manager became a partner.

1871 Thomas Hackworth 74, retired engineer lived in Newton Abbot with Celestine Adele Hackworth 54, Adele Hackworth 25, Marie Hackworth 10[5]

1877 Died in Newton Abbot[6]

See Also


Sources of Information

  1. 1841 census
  2. 1851 census
  3. Post Office Directory of Northumberland & Durham, 1858
  4. 1861 census
  5. 1871 census
  6. BMD
  • Timothy Hackworth and the Locomotive by Robert Young. Published 1923.