Grace's Guide To British Industrial History

Registered UK Charity (No. 115342)

Grace's Guide is the leading source of historical information on industry and manufacturing in Britain. This web publication contains 163,152 pages of information and 245,599 images on early companies, their products and the people who designed and built them.

Grace's Guide is the leading source of historical information on industry and manufacturing in Britain. This web publication contains 147,919 pages of information and 233,587 images on early companies, their products and the people who designed and built them.

British Oxygen Co

From Graces Guide
November 1926.
May 1928.
February 1929.
January 1932.
March 1932.
August 1933.
1933. Double Bevel Cutting Attachment.
1933. 300lb. Pressure Air Compressor.
1933. 150 ATM. Gas Compressor.
1934. B.O.C. Oxy-Acetylene Model 'A'Welding Outfit.
June 1934.
November 1934.
January 1935.
June 1935.
July 1936.
November 1943
November 1944
February 1947.
May 1947.
1947. Argonarc welding torch.
January 1948.
February 1948.
March 1948.
April 1948.
May 1948.
June 1948.
July 1948.
August 1948.
1950. Argonarc Welding Process.
November 1950.
December 1950.
April 1951.
October 1951.
January 1952.
April 1952.
May 1952.
July 1952.
October 1952.
November 1952.
February 1954. LH page.
February 1954. RH page.
November 1954. Alda Rods and Fluxes.
November 1957. Saffire.
Oct 1960.
04th March 1961.
May 1961.
May 1961.
1966. Oxygen plant in construction at the Carfin Works of the BOC.
1969. British Oxygen plant at Teesside.

of Thames House, Millbank, Westminster, London, SW1. (1937)

1886 Brin's Oxygen Co was registered by the Sharp brothers on 26 January, to acquire certain patent rights.

1886 Mr. Sharp employed Kenneth Sutherland Murray as assistant engineer at the Horseferry-road Oxygen Works. [1]

1906 The name was changed to the British Oxygen Co. [2]

By 1908 the company also had a works at Newcastle-upon-Tyne.

1909 Acquired Scottish and Irish Oxygen Co.

By 1914 the company also had works at Cardiff and Greenwich.

1917 Advert for gases and equipment. [3]

1919 Advert for gases and equipment. [4]

1920 British Oxygen took over Sparklets Ltd. The Horseferry Road works were becoming congested and so production was transferred to Sparklets' under-employed Edmonton site.

1925 K. S. Murray who was for many years the managing director of the company, was elected to the chairmanship of the company, which was rendered vacant by the death of E. B. Ellice Clark.[5]

1926 T. G. Allen was joint managing director, and K. S. Murray was chairman and managing director.[6]

1927 Advert for oxygen. [7]

1930 Acquired Allen-Liversidge, the leading supplier of acetylene[8]

1936 Acquired the Quasi-Arc Co. Ltd from Turner & Newall, taking the company into the electric arc field.

1937 Manufacturers of oxygen, dissolved acetylene, industrial gases and equipment. "Alda" Welding Equipment. [9]

1937 British Industrial Fair Advert for B. O. C. Oxygen Cutting Machine. Oxy-Acetylene Welding, Cutting, Leadburning and Brazing Equipment. Oxygen Cutting Machines for cutting steel shapes and steel sections. Acetylene Flarelights, Ferro-Arc Electrodes, Metal Spraying Equipment. All Equipment will be demonstrated. (Engineering/Metals/Quarry, Roads and Mining/Transport Section - Stand Nos. D.511; D.410 and D.324). [10]

1939 See Aircraft Industry Suppliers

Post-WWII The firm's interests in the chemical field grew greatly, in conjunction with Norsk Hydro

1955 British Oxygen Chemicals Ltd was formed.

1955 All operating companies were put into new subsidiary companies:[11]

and the formation of a new joint venture British Oxygen Linde

1959 British Oxygen Aro Equipment continued developing products; production would start later in the year; British Oxygen Wimpey continued to be involved in engaged in the government rocket research project at Spadeadam; other subsidiaries were Sparklets and Woodside Die Sinking Co[12]

By 1961 the company operated through several divisions[13]:

1963 Motor Show exhibitor. Gases and equipment for welding. [14]

1967 Acquired Murex Ltd which would contribute welding and specialist metal activities that would fit with the business[15]

1968 Acquired Edwards High Vacuum, a move supported by the Industrial Reorganisation Corporation because of Edwards recognised leadership in the high vacuum field but relatively small size[16]

1969 Acquired High Speed Steel Alloys which would be complementary to BOC's metallurgical business which was led by Murex[17]

1970 B.O.C. acquired the Deloro Smelting and Refining Co of Canada and its wholly-owned subsidiary, Deloro Stellite of Swindon[18]

1971 Established joint venture in arc welding with Holec of Holland who would contribute the welding branch of Smit of Nijmegen[19]

1974 Development of laser technology.[20]

1974 Extractor developed to remove arc welding fumes. The Starcrest SEF2 was a wall mounted motor unit fitted with a flexible glass fibre hose surrounding a three-jointed cantilever arm.[21]

1975 The name of the parent company was changed to BOC International Ltd; BOC Ltd was formed to take over the bulk of the trading in the UK.

1982 The holding company was renamed BOC Group plc.

2006 BOC was acquired by Linde AG.

See Also


Sources of Information

  1. The Engineer 1935/08/16 page 172.
  2. The Stock Exchange Year Book 1908
  3. Mechanical World Year Book 1917. Published by Emmott and Co of Manchester. Advert p120
  4. Mechanical World Year Book 1919. Published by Emmott and Co of Manchester. Advert p160
  5. The Engineer 1925/05/22
  6. The Engineer 1926/11/12
  7. Mechanical World Year Book 1927. Published by Emmott and Co of Manchester. Advert p120
  8. The Times, Jul 06, 1938
  9. 1937 The Aeroplane Directory of the Aviation and Allied Industries
  10. 1937 British Industries Fair Advert p606; and p339
  11. The Times, May 25, 1955
  12. The Times, Mar 26, 1959
  13. The Times, Jan 24, 1961
  14. 1963 Motor Show
  15. The Times , Jun 14, 1967
  16. The Times, Jan 13, 1968
  17. The Times, May 24, 1969
  18. The Times, Dec 17, 1970
  19. The Times, Jan 16, 1971
  20. 1974/01/03 and 1974/01/10
  21. The Engineer 1974/05/09
  • Archives of the British chemical industry, 1750-1914: a handlist. By Peter J. T. Morris and Colin A. Russell. Edited by John Graham Smith. 1988.