Grace's Guide

British Industrial History

Grace's Guide is the leading source of historical information on industry and manufacturing in Britain. This web publication contains 133,119 pages of information and 210,773 images on early companies, their products and the people who designed and built them.

Cadbury Brothers

From Graces Guide

Jump to: navigation, search
Advertising sign.
Advertising sign.
Advertising sign.
Advertising sign.
Bodmin Wenford Railway, February 2011.
Chocolate box.
Chocolate Selection Box.
ImTivMus-Cadbury.jpg
July 1887.
1892.
May 1894.
July 1894.
March 1896.
1897
January 1897.
August 1898.
January 1899.
September 1902.
September 1902.
July 1903.
November 1903.
November 1904.
1905.
June 1905.
October 1912.
October 1912.
November 1912.
December 1912.
December 1912.
January 1913.
January 1913.
February 1913.
March 1913.
March 1922.
June 1922.
November 1927.
January 1928.
April 1928.
May 1929.
1932. The Finchley Road Depot on the L.M.S. Railway.
June 1932.
June 1933.
November 1933.
December 1934.
April 1935.
April 1936. Fruit and Nut.
April 1936.
June 1936.
July 1936.
July 1936.
September 1936.
August 1937.
1938.
November 1938.
December 1938.
March 1939.
April 1939.
May 1939.
May 1939.
November 1939.
July 1940.
1940.
November 1942.
November 1950.
June 1953.
October 1953.
October 1953.
October 1953.
December 1953.
February 1954.
February 1954.
July 1954.
July 1954.
October 1954.
January 1955.
December 1954. Bournville Cocoa.
December 1954. Drinking Chocolate.
December 1954. Dairy Milk Chocolate Biscuits.
December 1954. Cup Chocolate.
February 1955.
May 1955.
December 1960.
November 1963.
Im20110716MEAL-Bourn.jpg
Cocoa essence.

of Bournville, Birmingham. (1929)

Ditto Address. Telephone: Birmingham, Kings Norton 2000. Cables: "Cadbrofry, Birmingham". London showrooms, Botolph House, 10 and 12 Eastcheap, London, EC3. Telephone: Avenue 2161. (1947)

In 1824, John Cadbury began vending tea, coffee, and (later) chocolate at Bull Street in Birmingham, and sometime in India. Soon a new sideline was introduced - cocoa and drinking chocolate, which he prepared himself using a mortar and pestle. The company was then known as Cadbury Brothers.

1847 A larger factory was rented in Bridge Street, off Broad Street, in the centre of Birmingham. John Cadbury took his brother Benjamin into partnership and the family business became Cadbury Brothers of Birmingham.

1850 Son Richard Cadbury joined the firm.

1850s Taxes on imported cocoa beans were reduced by the Prime Minister, Gladstone. This was a turning point for the cocoa and chocolate industry, bringing these products within the reach of a wider section of the population.

1854 Cadbury Brothers received their first Royal Warrant on February 4, as 'manufacturers of cocoa and chocolate to Queen Victoria.

1856 Second son George Cadbury joined the company.

1861 John Cadbury retired due to failing health; his sons George and Richard taking over the cocoa factory.

1879 John Cadbury's sons opened a major factory in the purpose-built suburb of Bournville, four miles south of the city.

1889 John Cadbury died.

1899 Richard Cadbury died at the age of 63 and the business became a private limited company: Cadbury Brothers Limited. The Bournville factory had trebled in size, with more than 2,600 employees.

1900 George Cadbury founded Bournville Village Trust. This included 330 acres of land, providing spacious and sanitary houses.

1910 The number of employees at Bournville had grown to 5,300.

1911 All workers, men and women, were given holidays with pay and included in the company pension scheme.

1912 Became a public company.

1913 A second factory was set up in Gloucestershire. This meant that both factories were situated by canals, ensuring economical transportation.

1916 Cadbury took over Fry's. Fry's had been the market leader for the whole of the 19th Century and dated back to 1756, when Joseph Fry set up business as an apothecary and maker and seller of chocolate.

1916 Introduced Milk Tray.

1919 Company became British Cocoa and Chocolate with a capital of £2.5 million. [1]

WWI. Over 2,000 male employees joined the armed forces and Cadbury sent books, warm clothes and chocolate to the front. Cadbury even augmented the Government allowances to its workers' dependants. At the end of the war soldiers were taken care of: returning to work; being sent on educational courses; or being looked after in convalescent homes.

1922 George Cadbury died.

1929 Listed Exhibitor - British Industries Fair. Manufacturers of Cocoa, Chocolate and Confectionery. A special display of the most popular of Cadbury's Chocolates for home and export as well as interesting new lines. Also a display of Bourniville Cocoa. 'Cups of this beverage will be sold at 1d. (<½p) each'. [2]

1933 Whole Nut bar introduced.

1938 At Bournville alone, 10,000 men and women were employed.

WWII. Cadbury contributed to the war effort in many ways, from converting parts of the factory to workrooms (manufacturing all kinds of equipment such as milling machines for rifle factories) to the production of pilots seats for Defiant fighters.

1947 Listed Exhibitor - British Industries Fair. Manufacturers of Cocoa, Bournvita, Chocolate, Chocolate Confectionery, Chocolate Biscuits. (Earls Court, 1st Floor, Stand No. 583) [3]

1959 Introduced the Picnic bar.

1961 Subsidiary of British Cocoa and Chocolate Co Ltd. Employed 23,500 persons in the group. Works at Bournville, Birmingham. [4]

1969 Merged with Schweppes which formed Cadbury Schweppes


See Also

Loading...

Sources of Information

  1. Trademarked. A History of Well-Known Brands - from Aertex to Wright's Coal Tar by David Newton. Pub: Sutton Publishing 2008 ISBN 978-0-7509-4590-5
  2. 1929 British Industries Fair p34
  3. 1947 British Industries Fair p53
  4. 1961 Guide to Key British Enterprises
  • [1] History of Cadbury
  • [2] Wikipedia