Grace's Guide is the leading source of historical information on industry and manufacturing in Britain. This web publication contains 133,419 pages of information and 211,645 images on early companies, their products and the people who designed and built them.
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London Office, Sales and Exports Departments: 200-208 Tottenham Court Road, London, W1. Telephone: Museum 5460.
Cables: Edinburgh - "Weba, Edinburgh"; London - "Clinchex, Phone, London". (1929)
1856 American in leadership, equipment and ownership, it was established at Edinburgh, and remained under American direction until the closing years of the 19th century when it came under local ownership
1857 Incorporated with the Scottish Vulcanite Co and became a limited company.
1888 The company was registered, in reconstruction of a company of similar title. 
1890 William Erskine Bartlett, General Manager of the company, took out the Bartlett-Clincher patent on the first detachable pneumatic tyre.
1891 the first detachable tyres in Great Britain were produced at Castle Mills and offered for sale to the general public.
1912 A client, Mr Willows, sued the company for the loss he had incurred due to the porosity of the material supplied for his dirigible balloone; Mr Willows recognised that the material supplied by the Continental Fabric Co had low porosity but he wanted an all-British balloon
1914 Manufacturers of Indiarubber. Specialities: solid and pneumatic tyres, rubber footwear of all kinds. 
1929 Listed Exhibitor - British Industries Fair. Manufacturers of Rubber Footwear, Bathing Sandals, Caps, Golf Bags, Balls, Racket Covers, Handle Grips, Football Bladders, Leather Cloths, Hose, Waterproof Clothing, Motor Clothing, Overboots, Rubber flooring, Mats and Matting, Hot Water Bottles, Rugs. (Stand No. B.36) 
1947 Listed Exhibitor - British Industries Fair. Manufacturers of Hot Water Bottles (fabric, moulded); Air and Water Beds, Cushions, Waterproof Sheeting; Jaconete, Vulcanite Combs; X-Ray, Nursing Aprons, Gloves, etc. (Olympia, Ground Floor, Stand No. F.1867) 
1963 Motor Show exhibitor. Tyres US Royal brand. 
1966 The company was re-named Uniroyal.
Castle Mills, Edinburgh
Castle Mills were bounded by three roads called Fountain Bridge, Viewforth, Gilmore Park, and by the Union Canal to the south. See map (last photo in series alongside). Gilmore Park (road) crossed the canal by the Leamington Lift Bridge. The 1851 map shows the plot of land occupied by Castle Silk Mills. The rubber business moved out to Newbridge in the 1960s, and the site was largely cleared c.1971 for the construction of a modern brewery, but this has now gone. Some of the NBR office buildings have been saved (see photos), pending re-use (2016). See CANMORE entry for more information.