Grace's Guide

British Industrial History

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July 1936.
July 1936.
November 1952.
April 1953.
June 1953.
June 1953.
June 1953.
December 1953.
June 1954.
November 1955.
December 1956.
October 1957.
Reg No: 772 CMR.

Phillips Cycles were makers of bicycles, bicycle parts and later motorcycles of Credenda Works, Smethwick, Birmingham.

John Alfred Phillips formed a partnership with Ernest William Bohle making brakes and pedals for bicycles.

1908 The Birmingham firm of J. A. Phillips and Co, manufacturer of bicycles and bicycle components, bought the Credenda Works and gave up its Birmingham premises.

c.1920 Tube Investments AGM was told that Phillips, a maker of bicycle parts, had been acquired in the past year[1].

1952 Operating company was registered as Phillips Cycles Ltd[2]

1954 Having previously been in the cycle business, the company entered the powered market late that year with a complete machine derived from a bicycle. It had a 49cc two-stroke engine mounted above the bottom bracket, chain-driven rear wheel, the petroil tank on the top tube and braced forks. It was listed for the following three years.

1956 The Gadabout moped appeared, with a 49cc Rex engine, two speeds, spine frame and telescopic forks.

1956 Tube Investments subsidiary the British Cycle Corporation was formed to take over and control its bicycle making subsidiaries in the Birmingham area, namely Armstrong Cycles, Brampton Fittings, Hercules Cycle and Motor Co, Phillips Cycles, and Walton and Brown[3]; the activities would be concentrated in a large factory at Handsworth; large redundancies followed.

1959 Added to the range was a Panda, a three-speed Gadabout and another with a 50cc Villiers engine.

1960 A Panda Plus was added.

1962 The range was cut back to the Gadabout with either a Rex or a Villiers engine, but later in the year two new models appeared. These were based on Raleigh mopeds and made under licence from Motobécane of France.

By 1964 The moped had been built for two years; then the owners, Raleigh, dropped the name.

See Also: Renowned The World Over - The Phillips Cycle Company by Sam Whitehouse

See Also


Sources of Information

  1. The Times, 9 December 1920
  2. National Archives
  3. The Times, 21 August 1956
  • The British Motorcycle Directory - Over 1,100 Marques from 1888 - by Roy Bacon and Ken Hallworth. Pub: The Crowood Press 2004 ISBN 1 86126 674 X