Grace's Guide is the leading source of historical information on industry and manufacturing in Britain. This web publication contains 130,244 pages of information and 205,625 images on early companies, their products and the people who designed and built them.
1733 John Kay invents the Flying Shuttle to enable faster weaving
1764 James Hargreaves invents the Spinning Jenny which dramatically reduced the amount of work needed to produce yarn, with a single worker able to work eight or more spools at once. Some claim the inventor was Thomas Highs
1769 Richard Arkwright patented the Water Frame which used water to power the spinning frame and increased the production of textiles and made stronger thread that could be used for the warp as well as the weft
1779 Samuel Crompton invents the Spinning Mule and this was a combination of the Water Frame and the Spinning Jenny and improved production of cotton textiles
1785 Edmund Cartwright invents the Power Loom
1796 Robert Miller invented the cam-driven shedding principle
1804 William Radcliffe patented the dressing-frame which starched the warp before it was put into the loom.
1813 William Horrocks invented the variable batten speed motion
1825 Richard Roberts invented a mechanism that rendered all parts of the mule self-acting and regulates the rotation of the spindles during the inward run of the carriage. This was the first truly practical power-loom
1850 John Mercer invented Mercerization
1856 William Henry Perkin produces mauve aniline