Grace's Guide

British Industrial History

Grace's Guide is the leading source of historical information on industry and manufacturing in Britain. This web publication contains 130,244 pages of information and 205,625 images on early companies, their products and the people who designed and built them.

Timeline: Textile Industry

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1733 John Kay invents the Flying Shuttle to enable faster weaving

1738 Lewis Paul and John Wyatt invent Roller Spinning enabling the production of finer, more even yarns.

1748 Daniel Bourn and Lewis Paul separately obtained patents for carding machines that align the fibres, This carding technology became the basis of later carding machines.

1764 James Hargreaves invents the Spinning Jenny which dramatically reduced the amount of work needed to produce yarn, with a single worker able to work eight or more spools at once. Some claim the inventor was Thomas Highs

1769 Richard Arkwright patented the Water Frame which used water to power the spinning frame and increased the production of textiles and made stronger thread that could be used for the warp as well as the weft

1779 Samuel Crompton invents the Spinning Mule and this was a combination of the Water Frame and the Spinning Jenny and improved production of cotton textiles

1785 Edmund Cartwright invents the Power Loom

1796 Robert Miller invented the cam-driven shedding principle

1803 William Radcliffe and Thomas Johnson invent the Beam Warper and the Dressing Sizing machine

1804 William Radcliffe patented the dressing-frame which starched the warp before it was put into the loom.

1813 William Horrocks invented the variable batten speed motion

1825 Richard Roberts invented a mechanism that rendered all parts of the mule self-acting and regulates the rotation of the spindles during the inward run of the carriage. This was the first truly practical power-loom

1842 James Bullough and William Kenworthy invent the "Lancashire Loom"

1850 John Mercer invented Mercerization

1856 William Henry Perkin produces mauve aniline

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