Grace's Guide is the leading source of historical information on industry and manufacturing in Britain. This web publication contains 148,386 pages of information and 233,851 images on early companies, their products and the people who designed and built them.
of Horwich, near Bolton in Greater Manchester
1889 Brief description of production practices at the works in the 'American Machinist'
1891 For description of works see 1891 The Practical Engineer
1894 Description of their works in 'The Engineer' (p121). 85 acre site.
By 1899 a further 677 locomotives were built, and another 220 under Henry Albert Hoy.
1901, the Aspinall-designed 'Atlantic' 4-4-2 express locomotive was introduced and, by 1907 Horwich produced its thousandth engine, a four cylinder compound 0-8-0.
1926 Hughes was responsible for a 2-6-0 locomotive which had an unusual appearance for the time, which became known as the "Horwich Crab." It was extremely successful - about 245 were built, and many lasted into the 1960s. Three of the four future Chief Mechanical Engineers of the post-grouping railways learned their craft at Horwich: Nigel Gresley, Henry Fowler and Richard Maunsell, as well as Alliott Verdon-Roe who went on to found the A. V. Roe and Co aeroplane company.
1927 See Aberconway for information on the company and its history
1948 After nationalisation of the railways, twenty new BR standard class 4 2-6-0 tender engines were built.
1957 The last steam engine was built at Horwich but it continued as a works for other rolling stock up to 1983. Even that was not the end of the story because the foundry and the spring shop continued after this date, though this resulted in the work force being reduced from 1,400 to 300.
The site is now an industrial estate, appropriately named "Horwich Loco", but at least most of the buildings are still in use.