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Yates and Thom

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Winding engine at Astley Green Colliery
Crosshead and trunk guide of winding engine at Astley Green Colliery. Chair gives an indication of size.
1884 600 HP engine, ex-Jubilee Mill, being installed at Masson Mills in 2014. The overhead crane is by Jackson and Ogden
JD Yates06.jpg
Showing barring gear
The complicated governing system will reward study in the future
1921.
1921.

of Canal Ironworks, Blackburn

Yates and Thom were makers of engines for mills, collieries and waterworks.

1826 Company established as W. and J. Yates. Exhibit at Manchester's Museum of Science and Industry (or William Yates (of Blackburn))

After 1848 William Yates (of Blackburn) became W. and J. Yates

1884 Supplied a 600 HP cross-compound engine to Jubilee Mill, Padiham. This was retired after nearly 100 years service, and is now (2014) being installed at Masson Mills, Matlock Bath (see photos). At present it can only be seen on pre-booked tours.

1890 Dissolution of the Partnership between William Yates, Frederick Yates, Sydney Robert Yates, and William Thom, at the Canal Foundry and Engineering Works, and the Victoria Boiler Works, in Blackburn, Mechanical Engineers and Boiler Makers, as William and John Yates; business carried on by the said William Yates and William Thom alone, in copartnership together, under the style of Yates and Thom[1]

1892 1100 HP vertical cross compound engine for Horrockses Crewdson Ltd; Fishwick Mill, Preston[2]

1894 Engines for the Portsmouth Electric Supply works. [3]

1900 Supplied three Lancashire boilers for the Gloucester electricity supply works. [4]

c.1900 Supplied four 450 HP 100 rpm engine engines to drive English Electric dynamos at Alice Street Power Station in Durban.[5]

c.1901 Supplied six twin cylinder vertical engines driving 1500 kW alternators to Stuart Street Power Station, Manchester [6]. These were compound engines of 2500 HP with cylinders of 36 and 71 inches diameter, 3 ft 6" stroke, running at 94 rpm. The flywheel, located between the cylinders, was assembled from four castings and weighed 70 tons. The 3 phase alternators, made by the Electrical Co Ltd, generated at 6500V, 50 Hz. These engines were being augmented in 1904 by two 6000 HP triple expansion Yates & Thom engines.[7]

1905 The company was registered on 18 July, to acquire the business of the firm of the same name, engineers, ironfounders and boiler makers. [8]

1906 1750 HP Horizontal four cylinder triple expansion engine for Durban Mill, Hollinwood [9]

1907 Name Plate. Engineers, Millwrights and Boilermakers. Exhibit at Manchester's Museum of Science and Industry.

1912 Supplied a winding engine to Astley Green Colliery.

1914 Supplied a winding engine to Sutton Manor Colliery.

1918 Advert in New Zealand for redundant plant at the Wahii-Paeroa Gold Extraction Co (in liquidation) included 'ONE (1) YATES AND THOM COMPOUND HORIZONTAL TANDEM JET-CONDENSING STEAM ENGINE; cylinders 12 and 22in, stroke. 30in, revolutions 90; rated at 200 b.h.p.; complete with 5 cotton ropes and rope pulleys.'[10]

1925 1800 HP Horizontal cross compound engine for No. 2 Mill, Leigh Spinners Ltd., Leigh [11]

1928 Became Foster, Yates and Thom when it was acquired by Joseph Foster and Sons.[12]



1906 William Yates, Junior

'FREAKS OF A PHILANTHROPIST.
DISTRIBUTES £5 NOTES AT COVENT GARDEN
A modern Haroun el Raschid is at present staying at the well-known Tavistock Hotel in Covent Garden, and his amazing acts of benevolence include free gifts of £5-notes to porters in the market. Whoever he is he hides his identity under the simple name, "W. Yates," and as his address gives Weir Cottage, Sheffield, nothing whatever is known about him, and he is variously described American oil millionaire, wealthy cutler, an eccentric landowner, and a rich bookmaker. On Monday he visited Covent Garden Market, and one man, George Mullins, in particular aroused his interest, and he promised to see him next day — that is Tuesday, he remarked that he had made his pile, and was going to do bit good for the poor of London. Sure enough on Tuesday he entered the market, but first turned his attention to a boy selling cotton handkerchiefs. He bought 2s worth, and, handing the boy a sovereign, told him to never mind the change. Throwing the handkerchiefs to a porter who had witnessed the transaction, he curtly bade him wrap them up. This the man did with alacrity, and for his trouble received also a sovereign. Then the strange philanthropist sought out Mullins. Playfully tapping a leather wallet, the mysterious Mr. Yates remarked, "Would you like a hundred pounds?", Mullins, who had witnessed the other gifts, immediately answered, Yes.” Without more ado the man opened the wallet and pulled out twenty £5-notes. "Now, what will you do with them?" he asked, retaining them in his hand. Will you see that your family has the benefit? Mullins gave the requisite promise, and the notes were handed over. The gentleman then returned to his hotel. Coming out again, he a met porter named Keefe, to whom he gave £5. Then he appears to have strolled into St. Martin's-lane, collected a score or more of old men, bade them ask no questions, but follow him as he made his way into a restaurant. There he ordered a substantial meal for each, and under every man's plate he placed a bright sovereign. His benefactions appear to have ended there, for the present at all events, though all the employes of Covent Garden Market are agog to catch a glimpse of Mr. Yates or his money.
William Yates continued his largesse on Thursday, when remarkable scenes were witnessed. Crowds of clamorous men and boys followed him about and hung on to his brougham as he drove out to give away more gold. His first call was at restaurant in Covent Garden, where picked out of his followers thirty poor children and entertained them dinner. Before leaving he handed them each half a sovereign. By this time the mob had become so great that pell-mell he was forced drive back his hotel and escape into the street again by a secret entrance. It is understood that Mr. Yates has made several large gifts to London hospitals, but he refused to discuss this novel idea his as to the distribution of gold and notes. Meanwhile men and women from all parts of London are flocking to his hotel and taking their stands, determined to see Mr. Yates if they have to wait all night. Special police have had to be told off regulate the mobs and guard against any attempt at outrage to the strange benefactor. It is stated that he is a native of Blackburn, and son of the founder the engineering firm of Yates & Thom, which was floated last year for £240,000. He is a very wealthy bachelor, and has lately given generously to local and other charities. Occasionally Mr. Yates visits Blackburn to attend tho directors’ meetings, but spends the greater part of his time in travel.'[13]

See Also

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Sources of Information

  1. London Gazette 29 Aug 1890
  2. [1]Photo of engine in Preston Digital Archive - "A Lancashire Cotton Scrapbook"
  3. The Engineer of 3rd August 1894 p104 & p107 & p109
  4. The Engineer of 27th July 1900 p93
  5. [2] ESKOM website: Congella Power Station
  6. 'Electricity in Manchester' by Roy Frost ISBN 1 85216 075 6
  7. [3] The Engineer 14 Oct 1904, brief summary on p.378
  8. The Stock Exchange Year Book 1908
  9. Plate 133, 'Stationary Steam Engines of Great Britain, Volume 3.1: Lancashire' by George Watkins: Landmark Publishing Ltd.
  10. [4]
  11. ‘Stationary Steam Engines of Great Britain, Volume 3.1: Lancashire’ by George Watkins: Landmark Publishing Ltd.
  12. "Death of Sir W. Thom" Lancashire Evening Post, 11 April 1939 page 8
  13. Londonderry Sentinel - Saturday 10 November 1906
  • The Steam Engine in Industry by George Watkins in two volumes. Moorland Publishing. 1978/9. ISBN 0-903485-65-6