Grace's Guide

British Industrial History

Grace's Guide is the leading source of historical information on industry and manufacturing in Britain. This web publication contains 133,439 pages of information and 211,690 images on early companies, their products and the people who designed and built them.

Transport for London

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Transport for London (TfL) is a local government body responsible for the transport system in Greater London, England. Its head office is 55 Broadway in the City of Westminster.

TfL was created in 2000 as part of the Greater London Authority by the Greater London Authority Act 1999. It gained most of its functions from its predecessor London Regional Transport in 2000. It gained responsibility for the Underground in 2003.

2019 TfL administers Greater London's underground trains, some overground trains, the London buses, including the famous red double-deckers, and carries out numerous other transport-related functions:

  • Underground Tube network
  • London Buses
    • London Buses Limited was divided into 13 geographical subsidiary companies. In 1992 the government announced that the subsidiaries would be sold to the private sector and by 1994 the privatisation of LBL was complete.
    • In 2000, responsibility for London's buses moved from the London Regional Transport to the Mayor of London's transport organisation, Transport for London. The Mayor is responsible for drawing up and implementing an integrated transport strategy which caters for growth in population and employment. The bus network is a key component of this strategy, with a constant requirement to maintain ease of use, attractive frequencies and adequate capacity, reliable services, good coverage and good interchange with other modes.
  • Coaches
    • Victoria Coach Station Limited was acquired by London Transport in 1988 at the request of the Secretary of State for Transport.
  • London Overground
    • 2007 Launched to provide better rail connections between areas outside central London.
    • 2008 Opened Shepherd's Bush station
    • 2009 Opened Imperial Wharf station
    • 2010 Opened the new line in East London between Dalston Junction and West Croydon, with branches to New Cross and Crystal Palace. This route used the old East London line, part of the London Underground until 2007, and a disused railway alignment to the north, as well as existing tracks to the south.
    • 2011 This new route was extended to Highbury and Islington,
    • 2012 Extended to Clapham Junction, completing the loop around London.
    • 2015 Took over the suburban rail routes connecting Liverpool Street with Chingford, Enfield Town and Cheshunt, and services operating between Romford and Upminster.
  • Docklands Light Railway
    • 1982 The London Docklands Development Corporation (LDDC) was created to coordinate the redevelopment of the Docklands area.
    • 1986 The railway opened with 11 single-car trains and 15 stations. The original network consisted of two routes: Tower Gateway to Island Gardens, and Stratford to Island Gardens.
    • 1991 Extension to Bank opened.
    • A further five extensions have since been completed.
    • 2000 Became the responsibility of Transport for London
    • Today the DLR has 45 stations and 149 vehicles, many operating in 3-car formation.
  • Tram service
    • The only tram service runs between Croydon and Wimbledon, Beckenham Junction, Elmers End and New Addington.
  • River
    • London River Services (initially called Thames Pier Agency) was formally incorporated in1997 as a limited company, to be the agency responsible for developing river passenger transport in London. It would integrate boat services with other modes of public transport and acquire the public piers owned by the Port of London Authority.
    • In 2000 TfL took responsibility for regular River Bus, River Tour and charter services calling at piers across London, including the eight piers owned by London River Services. The ferries of the Woolwich Ferry and their associated infrastructure are owned by Transport for London and operated by Briggs Marine and Environmental Services.

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