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British Industrial History

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Rolls-Royce: Cars

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Im1927CGJ-RR1.jpg
20 hp.
New Phantom.
Silver Ghost.
February 1905. 15 h.p. car.
February 1905. 30 h.p. car.
1905.
1905. Second in Tourist Trophy. Published in 1906.
November 1905. 8-cylinder engine.
November 1905. Distributor.
May 1906.
1906 Q4.
1906 Q4.
1906. Phaeton De-Luxe (Closed).
1906. Eight-cylinder Landaulet.
1906. 'Convertible' Phaeton.
Eight-cylinder 'par excellance'. Published in 1906.
1907. Seven seater 40 h.p. six-cylinder car in the USA.
November 1907. Body by Barker and Co.
November 1907. 40-50 h.p. six-cylinder.
September 1908.
September 1908. Six-cylinder. 40-50 h.p. Landaulette for Sir Harry Maclean.
November 1908. Six-cylinder.
November 1906. 40-50 h.p. Rolls-Royce Pullman.
1909.
1909.
1909.
September 1905.
November 1909.
November 1909.
November 1909.
November 1909.
July 1910.
July 1910.
Advert in French. 40/50 h.p.
1911 Rolls. (May 1935).
1912. Rolls-Royce Biplace Silver Ghost. Six-cylinders. Exhibit at the National Automobile Museum, Mulhouse.
March 1912.
December 1912.
December 1912.
February 1914.
1920.
1920. Touring Car.
November 1922.
1924.
1925. Body by Van Vooren. Exhibit at National Motor Museum, Australia.
August 1926.
1927. Book mark.
1927. Book mark.
December 1927. 40/50 hp.
Reg No: BS 9358.
September 1928.
September 1928.
1930. Touring saloon car.
1930. Plan of 40 or 50 hp chassis.
Reg No: GC 2355.
Reg No: GC 2355.
1930. Ref AA below
October 1931.
October 1931.
Reg No: AXC 571.
1933. Reg No: AXC 571.
1933. Reg No: AXC 571.
1934.
May 1935.
May 1935.
May 1935. 40/50 hp.
1936. Model 20/25/ Reg No. DMP 372. Sports Coupe by Coachcraft. Exhibit at Exmoor Classic Cars
October 1937.
November 1937.
1938.
June 1941.
October 1941.
September 1946.
October 1946.
1946. B80 Petrol Engine.
March 1947.
1950.
May 1951.
June 1953.
Reg No: 494 XUH.
Reg No: 494 XUH.
Reg No: YSU 910.
1969.
Reg No. GLG 218. Exhibit at Exmoor Classic Cars
Reg No. NN 6154. Exhibit at Exmoor Classic Cars
Reg No: G 547.
Reg No: MTO 4.
Reg No: CPC 571Y.
Reg No: MFS 1X.
1930. Phantom 2. Reg No: GH 229.
Reg No: GU 2288.
Reg No: YF 2907.
Reg No: YF 2907.
Reg No: E42 OFR.
Im120421B-RR1.jpg
Reg No: MAS 44.
Reg No: C1 HCL.
1956.

Note: This is a sub-section of Rolls-Royce

1904 Frederick Henry Royce made his first car, a Royce, in his workshop in Cook Street, Manchester with the help of apprentices George Eric Platford and Tom Haldenby. The engine was a vertical tandem two-cylinder with 95mm bore and 127mm stroke. It had three-speeds and a reverse.

1904 April 1st. First trial run of the car

1904 18/19th April. One of his cars was used to carry H. Massac Buist, an Automobile Club observer from London to Margate in the course of a non-skid trial organised by Basil Humbert Joy. [1]

1904 May 4th. He was introduced to Charles Stewart Rolls at the Midland Hotel in Manchester and the pair agreed to a deal where Royce would manufacture cars, to be sold exclusively by Rolls. A clause was added to the contract stipulating the cars would be called Rolls-Royce.

1904 Engine (10 hp) made by Royce Motors at the Cook Street factory. Exhibit at Manchester's Museum of Science and Industry.

1904 December. Details of the 10 hp (also 15, 20 and 30 hp) petrol car.[2][3]

1904 December. Charles Stewart Rolls demonstrates a two-cylinder Rolls-Royce car at the Paris Motor Show. [4]

1905 February. Exhibited the four-cylinder model at the Olympia Motor Show and this was later known as the 'heavy twenty' model. The car as then sold to Arthur Harry Briggs

1905 March. Rolls-Royce car mentioned in advert in The Times. [5]

1905 March. Details of the cars; 10-hp two-cylinder; 15-hp three-cylinder; 20-hp four-cylinder; and 30-hp six-cylinder.[6][7]

1905 August. Details of the T.T. car.[8]

1905 September. Percy Northey comes second in the 1905 Tourist Trophy Race in a 'light-twenty' at an average speed of 33.7 mph

1905 October. Details of two eight-cylinder models.[9]

1905 November. Details of the eight-cylinder Landaulet.[10]

1905 December. Details of the 20-hp T.T. car.[11]

1905 Royce works on a V8 flat engine for a bonnetless town-carriage but it was never completed

1906 Produced 10 h.p. (Two-cylinder), 15 h.p. (Three-cylinder), 20 h.p. Four-cylinder), 20 h.p. (Six-cylinder) and 30 h.p. Eight-cylinder) shaft-drive models. Cars sold by C. S. Rolls and Co. [12]

1906 The Silver Ghost (1906-1925) was responsible for the company's early reputation. It had a 6-cylinder engine; 6,173 cars were built.

1906 May. Monte Carlo-London record

1906 Rolls wins the 1906 Tourist Trophy Race at an average 40 mph and 25 mpg

1906 Rolls take the car to New York and wins a race at the Empire City Track

1906 November. Details of their 40-45 hp cars.[13]

1906 Motor Show they exhibited two 40/50 but the press were not given a trial until the following April

1907 July. The 40/50 car takes the 15,000 miles record (finished 8th August) including the 1907 Scottish Reliability Trial. Also Non-stop record

1907 Autumn. A seven-seater 40/50 was voted the most handsome car at the 1907 New York Motor Show

1907 Six-cylinder 40/50 car was submitted to a series of tests by the RAC which included a total of 2,000 miles

1908 July. Opening of new Derby factory - details.[14]

1908 Ran a 15,000 mile trial under RAC scrutiny in a 40/50 Silver Ghost and the drivers were Rolls, Johnson, George Eric Platford and R. J. Mecredy. This car was later purchased by Dan Hanbury and ran well for another 350,000 miles.

1908 Ernest Hives joins the company as a tester. Briefly worked for them before in 1903

1908 March. At a Board Meeting Claude Johnson persuade the board to adopt the 'one-model' policy

1908 Two 70hp cars named White Knave and Silent Rogue were entered in the International Touring Car Trial. White Knave broke a piston but Percy Northey won his class.

1908 Silver Ghost wins the 1908 Scottish Reliability Trial [1]

1909 Percy Wilbraham Northey of Rolls-Royce Co summoned for speeding at Godalming. [15]

1909 June. Details of improvements made.[16]

1910 Harry Leonard Allen, 23, Manager at Rolls-Royce killed Christopher Read, 60, with his car on the Great North Road. [17]

1911 Silver Ghost driven from London to Edinburgh and back in top gear with a petrol consumption of 24.32 mpg. The same car was then driven at Brooklands with adjustment and attained a speed of 78.26 mph. [1]

1913 They win the 1913 Austrian Alpine Contests over a course of 1,654 miles [1]

1913 July. Details of a trial with the 40-50hp car.[18]

1913-1917 For a list of the models and prices see the 1917 Red Book

1914 September. Supplied chassis for armoured cars

1914 Listed as motor car manufacturers. Speciality: British-made six cylinder Rolls-Royce cars. [19]

1920 November. Exhibited at the Motor Car Show at Olympia and the White City with three cars all with the 40-50 hp six-cylinder engine. [20]

1921 The company opened a second factory in Springfield, Massachusetts (in the United States to help meet demand), where a further 1,701 "Springfield Ghosts" were built. This factory operated for 10 years, closing in 1931. Its chassis was used as a basis for the first British armoured car used in both world wars. In the 1920s Charles Jenner chief engine draughtsman. Day oversaw chassis design and Ivan Everden coordinated the work of the chassis engineers and the coachbuilding companies that bodied the chassis.

1922 The Bombay to Poona reliability trials and hill-climbing contest resulted in three Rolls-Royce cars finishing first, second and third. The fastest time was made by a Rolls-Royce landaulette, which ran up the Ghauts in 11 minutes.[21]

1925 The first of the Phantoms appeared

1929 Won the Schneider trophy

1925 2nd May. The New Phantom model introduced [1]

1931 The company acquired rival car maker Bentley, whose finances were unable to weather the Great Depression. From then until 2002, Bentley and Rolls-Royce cars were often identical apart from the radiator grille and minor details.

1946 Rolls-Royce and Bentley car production moved to Crewe.

1951 Exhibitor at the 1951 Motor Show in the Car Section.

1959 It opened at Mulliner Park Ward, London as the company started to build bodies for its cars for the first time: previously it had built only the chassis, leaving the bodies to specialist coach-builders.

1963 Motor Show exhibitor. Showed Phantom V and Silver Cloud III. [22]

List of Models

See Also

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Sources of Information

  1. 1.0 1.1 1.2 1.3 1.4 The Early History of Motoring by Claude Johnson
  2. Automotor Journal 1904/12/03
  3. Automotor Journal 1904/12/10
  4. The Times, Thursday, Dec 22, 1904
  5. The Times, Wednesday, Mar 22, 1905
  6. The Autocar 1905/03/04
  7. The Autocar 1905/03/11
  8. The Autocar 1905/08/26
  9. Automotor Journal 1905/11/11
  10. The Autocar 1905/11/11
  11. The Autocar 1905/12/23
  12. The Automobile Vol. III. Edited by Paul N. Hasluck and published by Cassell in 1906.
  13. Automotor Journal 1906/12/08
  14. Automotor Journal 1908/07/18
  15. The Times, Tuesday, Feb 23, 1909
  16. Automotor Journal 1909/06/12
  17. The Times, Friday, Jan 14, 1910
  18. The Autocar 1913/07/26
  19. 1914 Whitakers Red Book
  20. The Engineer of 19th November 1920 p498
  21. The Engineer 1922/04/14
  22. 1963 Motor Show